Are you wondering which is the best list of saltwater fish to choose from? Saltwater fish are often the preferred choice among aquarium owners, but it can be difficult to narrow down which ones to go with. Luckily, this list of saltwater fish includes 10 popular species that are great choices for both experienced and beginner aquarists alike.
There are approximately 34,000 species of fish in the world’s oceans, and about two-thirds of them live in saltwater. If you want to start your own saltwater tank, it’s important to know which fish are the easiest to care for and maintain in captivity so that you can choose the ones that will do well with your aquarium setup.
If you’re looking to get into the exciting world of saltwater aquariums, here’s a list of some of the best fish to start with. These fish are easy to care for and make great additions to your saltwater tank. You’ll have fun watching them swim around and enjoy their new home!
List Of Saltwater Fish
Blue Green Chromis (Chromis viridis)
Blue Green Chromis are usually greenish-blue in color with a yellow stripe running along their back.
They have delicate white scales and dorsal fin rays that are more rounded than those of most other damselfishes.
This fish is an omnivore and will feed on zooplankton, algae, detritus, small crustaceans, and marine worms. The green chromis can be kept in a community tank with other peaceful fish but they should not be kept with aggressive species that might pick at their fins or try to eat them. They can live up to five years in captivity. The Green Chromis has an elongated body, which may make it difficult for the fish to swim properly if the water isn’t deep enough.
Blue Devil Damselfish (Chrysiptera cyan)
The blue devil damselfish is an excellent fish for any saltwater tank. They are one of the most beautiful damselfishes, and they are hardy and easy to care for. This fish is a good choice if you want a hardy, non-aggressive fish that will not outgrow your tank. In fact, they are one of the more peaceful species on this list as well.
The only downside to these guys is that they need plenty of room to swim around; without space, they will become stressed and start attacking other tank mates. With proper space and no aggression from other fish, however, it’s unlikely that the Blue Devil Damsel will fight with anything in its tank. For their diet, these fish like to eat meaty foods like shrimp and worms. Because of their small mouths though, it may be hard for them to eat some foods on their own;
Domino Damselfish (Dascyllus trimaculatus)
The Domino Damselfish is a brightly colored fish with black and white stripes and one large black spot. They are found in the Western Pacific region, from Japan to Australia. The Damselfish gets its name from the shape of its dorsal fin, which is triangular like a domino. It feeds on small crustaceans and planktonic organisms near the surface of the water.
With their bright colors and distinctive markings, they can easily be identified by divers or snorkelers. Sometimes referred to as the Bleeding Heart or Cheerful Dancer, this fish has been well-known for centuries among Japanese fishermen as an indicator that it’s time to get out of the water because bad weather is coming. They feed on small crustaceans and planktonic organisms near the surface of the water.
Three Stripe Damselfish (Dascyllus aruanus)
The Three Stripe Damselfish is a small species that only reaches about 3 inches in length. They are often found in schools of 20-30, with the males and females exhibiting different coloration. The males have a yellow stripe and one black stripe, while the females have two black stripes.
This fish can be found all over the Indo-Pacific region, including South Africa, Australia, Japan, and Hawaii. Its habitat includes both reefs and shallow lagoons. The three stripe damsel fish lives close to rocks or other surfaces where they search for algae or plankton to eat. When threatened, they will flit around quickly and try to avoid being eaten by any predators.
Percula Clownfish (Amphiprion percula)
The Percula Clownfish (Amphiprion percula) is a small saltwater fish that is mainly found in the Indo-Pacific area. It can be identified by its white head and blue body with yellow spots. These fish are usually found in small schools, but they can also travel as individual pairs.
They are popular as pets due to their striking colors and ease of care. They have been bred in captivity for more than 50 years, so they do not need to be taken from their natural habitat. They eat primarily algae or invertebrates such as copepods and amphipods. The Percula Clownfish reproduces sexually, but it cannot reproduce until it reaches maturity at three to four months old.
They prefer living on rock surfaces or coral reefs during the daytime where they feed on algae and plankton. At night time, these fish move away from reefs to look for food like shrimp, squid, crabs, and urchins.
Yellowtail Damselfish (Chrysiptera parasema)
The yellowtail damselfish is a small fish that is an excellent candidate for a beginner. It reaches up to two inches in length and has an average lifespan of three years. The yellowtail damselfish does well when grouped with other fish but can be territorial, so it should be introduced cautiously.
This fish gets its name from the bright yellow tail that it displays during mating season, which lasts from April through June. Yellowtail damselfish are not picky eaters, feeding on plankton and invertebrates. They live in the Western Pacific Ocean near Japan. Their diet consists of plankton and invertebrates.
When they reach breeding age (between six months and one year) they have a light yellow stripe along their back that darkens to bright yellow as their hormones increase during the breeding season (April to June).
Four Stripe Damselfish (Dasyllus manures)
The Four Stripe Damselfish is a small fish that thrives in warm water and has a lifespan of two to three years. The four-stripe damsel is mostly found in the Indian and Pacific oceans, but it can also be found in the Red Sea. Their diet consists mainly of algae, shrimp, plankton, and other microorganisms. These fish have often seen schooling with hundreds of their own species.
They feed by eating tiny organisms such as algae, plankton, and shrimp. They have been known to take on coral polyps for food due to a lack of other options available in their environment. The habitat ranges from nearshore reefs to offshore waters from 3 meters below the surface to 80 meters below the surface. These fish live in a tropical climate and prefer clear waters with low levels of sedimentation or pollution.
Azure Damselfish (Chrisptera hemicyanea)
The Azure Damselfish is a brilliantly colored species of fish that can grow to be six inches long. It lives in the oceans around Madagascar, the Indo-Pacific region, and Hawaii. The male damselfish is different from the female because they have a dark blue body with light blue stripes.
They feed on algae and small invertebrates like shrimp and crabs. Some interesting facts about this species are that they reproduce by releasing eggs and sperm into open water where fertilization occurs.
Their eggs take two weeks before hatching into larvae. Larvae swim for days or weeks before settling onto the bottom, undergoing metamorphosis into juveniles, then eventually adults. Adults will live for an average of five years.
Firefish (Nemateleotris magnifier)
One of the most popular saltwater fish in the hobby, the Firefish is a schooling species that prefers to live in rubble piles and clean out the rockwork. They do not get very large, so they make great additions to nano tanks. They are also one of the easiest fish to breed, making them perfect for beginners. They will usually spawn at night and lay eggs on nearby rocks or other surfaces.
The eggs will hatch within three days but can be eaten by scavengers if left unattended. If you want to raise your fry, it is best to remove the parents after spawning and keep them well fed.
When fry becomes free-swimming (within five days) they should be moved into their own tank with live food like brine shrimp nauplii. Young Firefish grow quickly and require an ample supply of foods such as phytoplankton, rotifers, baby brine shrimp, copepods, mysids, and chopped shrimp/krill.
Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni)
The Banggai Cardinalfish is a saltwater fish that can be found in the Indo-Pacific region. This fish has a large mouth, and its head is more oval than other species of cardinalfish. The Banggai Cardinalfish gets to about 7 inches in length and feeds on plankton, algae, invertebrates, and small fishes. It is common for this fish to be found in schools near coral reefs.
They are usually safe with divers because they have a low threat response. They are also known to breed at certain times of the year, which means they need protection from harvest by commercial fisheries. In fact, some countries ban their harvest altogether.
The Banggai Cardinalfish needs to be kept in an aquarium tank with plenty of live rock or other decorations that will provide it with hiding spots so it feels secure. If you notice any injuries or signs of illness such as redness or mucus coming out of the gills or around the anus, it’s time to take your Banggai Cardinalfish back to an expert ASAP!
Mandarinfish (Synchiropus splendidus)
The mandarinfish is a favorite among those who love to explore the ocean. It is one of the most beautiful fish in the sea. The mandarinfish has a long body and tail, and its head is shaped like a trumpet. Its colors are vibrant pink and blue, which make it easy to spot in shallow water. When this fish feels threatened, it will wiggle its body as if it were dancing.
Another fun fact about the mandarinfish is that they can change colors depending on their mood! For example, when they feel excited they turn red and white, while when they’re angry or frightened they turn black with white stripes.
Finally, mandarinfish eat coral but also collect food items like sponges or worms by using their beak-like mouth at the bottom of their face!