Cotyledon Orbiculata “Pig’s Ear Succulent”

cotyledon orbiculata - pig's ear succulent

Last updated on June 23rd, 2022 at 08:46 am

The cotyledon orbiculata, also known as the pig’s ear succulent, is a plant that grows on the ground. The cotyledons grow in clusters, and the leaves are simple in structure with three to five lobes per leaf. It has yellow flowers which bloom from April through October, but these plants do not produce any fruit or seeds.

These plants usually range around two feet tall. This plant can be found growing all over North America as well as Central America and South America. They also grow extensively throughout Europe where they have been introduced by humans for their ornamental value. This type of flower was originally Native American food before Europeans brought it there.

The cotyledon orbiculata is a type of cactus that grows in many different places. It has succulent leaves and flowers, which are pink or yellowish-white with red stripes on the petals. They have stems that can be long or short and thick to thin.

The cotyledon orbiculata stands at about two feet tall if it’s not leaning against another plant for support. These plants also need very little water because they get most of their hydration from the ground below them and rain droplets hitting them during summer storms.

What is cotyledon orbiculata?

cotyledon orbiculata - pig's ear succulent

The cotyledon orbiculata, also known as the pig’s ear or ceci bean, is a plant that can be grown in many parts of the world. It has been cultivated for its leaves and beans since at least 4000 BC. These beans are high in protein but low in carbohydrates and are commonly found on grocery store shelves next to other legumes such as chickpeas.

They will grow best with heavy soil so you should amend your garden beds if they have poor quality soil before planting them. The cotyledon orbiculata does not need direct sunlight although it will still thrive when exposed to some morning sunrays through an eastern window.

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How do you grow Cotyledon orbiculata variegated?

Growing of cotyledon orbiculata is done by seeds. They can be planted in the spring or fall, but planting them during the summer will require you to water them often due to high temperatures and soil that may not retain moisture well. The cotyledon orbiculata are grown from seed as a cash crop because they have such low demand for pesticides and fertilizers – an economical choice when compared with other crops like wheat, corn, soybeans, and rice.

How do you care for a Cotyledon orbiculata?

cotyledon orbiculata - pig's ear succulent

Cotyledon orbiculata can be cared for by noting the following requirements for your plant and making sure an adequate amount is given at an appropriate time.

Light requirements of pig’s ear succulent

Cotyledon orbiculata plants need a lot of light. They will not do well in the shade, so they should be planted with some sort of overhead covers like an oak tree or cedar to keep them out of the shadows.

Cotyledons are also very sensitive to cold and prefer warm climates; at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit [-18 °C].

Soil/potting mix

Cotyledon orbiculata plants prefer rich and fertile soil. The cotyledons are pests to any nearby flowers, so it is best to plant cotyledons away from other flowering or fruit-bearing plants.

Cotyledons also like well-drained soils with plenty of organic matter mixed in; they do not thrive in clay-heavy soils.

This plant prefers soil that has been amended with compost, shredded leaves, peat moss, or other organic matter for better drainage while still retaining moisture so as long as they are left well-drained between watering sessions.

Preferred pH: Neutral


The cotyledon orbiculata is a native of the warm, dry regions of Brazil and Peru. The plant thrives best when temperatures reach between 60 degrees Fahrenheit and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. This plant does not do well in high heat or cold weather conditions.

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How often should I water my Cotyledon orbiculata?

The cotyledon orbiculata is a tough plant that can survive by being watered only once or twice every week. The cotyledon orbiculata does not require water other than what evaporates from the ground it sits on and needs to be kept in an area where it does not receive excess water which could cause root rot.


The cotyledon orbiculata does not require fertilizing, which is beneficial for those who have soil that already contains an abundance of nutrients.

When the cotyledon orbiculata plant starts to show signs of being in need of some nutrients such as yellowing leaves or slow growth rates it can be fed with a diluted fertilizer every two weeks.


The cotyledon orbiculata prefers a humid environment; the average cotyledon orbiculata will do well in an area that has humidity levels between 40% and 70%. 60% is considered ideal.

How do you prune Cotyledon orbiculata?

The cotyledon orbiculata is a hardy plant that will easily withstand being pruned. Pinching off dead leaves, flowers or other portions of the cotyledon orbiculata can help to keep it healthy and looking its best.

Repotting Cotyledon orbiculata

The cotyledons on our cactus settings may be more than a year old. It is time to repot the cactus into fresh potting soil and to water it well before placing it in a place with plenty of light for several days as the cacti will need some extra care while they recover from being moved.

Here are instructions for how to do an easy repotting:

cotyledon orbiculata - pig's ear succulent

  • Start by removing any large rocks or pots that might bother your cactus roots when you move them around later so take these out first
  • Next, use one hand to hold onto the top inch or two of soil near where the root ball meets the outside edge of its pot (near where the cactus is)
  • Use the other hand to gently pull up on the cacti from its base and place it in a new pot, making sure that you keep your hold tight as cacti roots are fragile. You can also use extra soil/pets to cover any exposed root ball but this isn’t necessary if you have steady hands.
  • Lastly, water your cactus well by pouring a few cups of room temperature or cold water over the top of their container (being careful not to pour near where the cactus meets the outside edge). In about two days’ time, repotted cacti should be ready for life in their fresh home!
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Growth rate

Cotyledon orbiculata cacti grow at different rates. Slow-growing cacti may take up to 25 years before they reach maturity while their faster-growing relatives could mature in as few as 18 months. Cotyledons are estimated to have a growth rate of about one inch per year, although this number can vary depending on the location. They should be planted with other cactus species that will help them thrive and not suffocate each other through competition for sunlight and water

Hardiness zone

cotyledon orbiculata - pig's ear succulent

Cotyledon orbiculata are known for their hardiness. They can be grown in zones 8 through 11, though some cotyledons may be sensitive to frost and fog so they should not be planted outside of these areas without protection from climate changes.


Cotyledon orbiculata are toxic to humans and should not be consumed. It is best to keep cotyledons away from pets as well, since they may also nibble on the cactus leaves or flowers without realizing that these parts of the plant are harmful.

Pests and diseases

Cotyledon orbiculata cacti are not too susceptible to pests and diseases. However, cotyledons should be watered less frequently than other cactus species for fear of root rot or stem rot from overwatering them. They may also be susceptible to aphids or mealybugs.