Cold hardy succulents are perfect for any garden or pot! I have cold tolerant succulent varieties, like Sempervivum, Lithops, Echeveria, and many more. All of them are easy to take care of too – just spritz them off with water occasionally.
What are cold hardy succulents
Cold hardy succulents are plants that can thrive in cold climates. This term may also include plants from colder regions, which are not technically cold hardy succulents but do have the ability to survive and grow in cold weather.
Succulents of this type typically retain their leaves year-round or even during winter months – either by protecting them with their cold hardy ability or by hibernating.
The best cold hardy succulents plants for cold climates are those that can grow in limited sunlight and poor soil conditions such as cacti, agave, certain aloe vera varieties (Aloe ferox), Laverdure’s rockcress, junipers, and other cold hardy succulents.
Cold hardy Succulent plants thrive in cold climates because they are able to withstand the cold weather conditions that occur such as snow, frost, or ice on their leaves. Plants of these varieties can survive through winters with temperatures below -15 degrees Celsius (USDA zone 11)
32 Best cold hardy succulents for cold climates
Queen Victoria Agave ‘Agave victoriae-reginae’
This type of cold hardy succulents is native to the Mexican states of Guanajuato, Jalisco, and Nayarit. It grows on rocky slopes, outcrops, and in arid scrubland at elevations between 1800 – 3000 m.
The Queen Victoria Agave produces a column-like rosette of about 30 cm with numerous slender, pointed leaves. These cold hardy succulents produce a large flowering stalk from its center in spring (around March or April) that has many creamy-white to pale pink bell-shaped flowers.
The Queen Victoria Agave is an attractive type of cold hardy succulents for the garden and makes a fantastic plant pot specimen when grown indoors; it will tolerate cold to just below freezing and is not hardy outdoors in cold climates.
Queen Victoria Agave can survive in temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit (-0.67°C). The leaves are a vibrant green and will grow to an average size of about 12 inches (30 cm) tall, giving it more prominence than some other cold hardy succulents.
Red Yucca ‘Hesperaloe parviflora’
The Red Yucca, Hesperaloe parviflora, is a type of cold hardy succulents that can live in an environment with temperatures as low as -25 degrees Fahrenheit. It comes from the Southwest and Mexico where it lives at higher altitudes, so it is well equipped for cold weather climates.
This plant produces pink flowers on top of an upright stem. It does well in cold climates but cannot withstand cold weather and should be brought indoors during winter months if it is not cold hardy outside.
It’s a great plant for rock gardens or as an accent to other garden plants because of its unusual shape, color, and texture.
The Red Yucca makes an interesting addition to any garden, cold or not.
Hens and Chicks ‘Sempervivum’
These types of cold hardy succulents plants are perfect for any garden! They can be planted almost anywhere and come back year after year. Hens and Chicks “Sempervivum” are fast-growing, drought tolerant, and cold hardy succulents plants.
These cold hardy succulents are called “hens and chicks” because it resembles small, round plants that stack on top of one another. Hens-and-chicks are native to the Mediterranean area but can be found in other regions such as South Africa due to their cold hardiness.
Hens and Chicks are cold hardy in USDA zones that range from zone six to eleven (including the most northern and southern regions of Canada).
Hens-and-Chicks grow best with full sun, though they can survive some shade.
These succulents have a low water need so make sure not to overwater them or allow their soil to dry out. Hens-and-chicks like a cold, wet winter season and enjoy the cold months of fall and spring best.
Parry’s Agave ‘Agave parryi’
Parry’s agave is a type of cold hardy succulents native to the deserts of Mexico. It can grow as high as five feet and has dusty green leaves with edges that curl downward. The flowers are yellowish-orange in color, flowering after seven years from germination.
It’s cold hardy to 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-12 Celsius).
It can be grown as a container plant, with excellent drainage and bright light. It prefers low water in the summer and high moisture during the winter months.
Parry’s Agave is a cold hardy succulent that can thrive in temperatures as low as 0 degrees Fahrenheit. This plant has spiky leaves and produces beautiful yellow flowers. Parry’s Agave features many of the things people look for in cold tolerant plants: it grows slowly, requires little water, and cold hardiness.
Parry’s Agave was discovered in 1851 by Dr. Charles Parry the leader of an expedition to explore areas west of Texas for potential settlement. This plant is found growing wild on dry slopes or cliffs at elevations up to 4000 feet.
Parry’s Agave can be grown as an indoor or outdoor plant. This type of cold tolerant succulents will grow slowly and does not need a lot of water, making it perfect for dry climates.
This types of cold hardy succulents is delightfully easy to care for. The Aloe ‘Blue Elf’ offers not only all the perks of cold hardiness but also has stunning blue leaves that contrast nicely against other green plants in your garden. This succulent is best grown outdoors and will need to be brought inside during cold winter months.
Thompson’s Yucca “‘Yucca thompsoniana’
If you live in a cold climate with cold winters, consider planting this type of cold hardy succulents plants. These are popular because they require little maintenance and can even survive snowstorms!
Be sure to check each variety for any specific needs or instructions before purchasing them, as there are some that should not be exposed to cold temperatures.
This type of plant does not need a lot to survive, so often they are planted in the ground and can be grown from any cuttings you may have as well! These plants also do well with other types of desert plants, providing an interesting contrast that will make your garden feel like it’s somewhere else.
The amount of sunlight these plants need varies, but many will do well with only a few hours per day. They can be planted anywhere in the garden as long as they are not near an area that gets too cold at night or on cold days when temperatures drop below freezing.
Broadleaf Stonecrop ‘Sedum spathulifolium’
Broadleaf Stonecrop “Sedum spathulifolium” is a type of cold hardy succulents. It can tolerate temperatures between -30 and 25 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 to 78 degrees Celsius). This plant comes from the eastern US, but it has been naturalized in many parts of the world.
Texas Sotol ‘Dasylirion texanum’
The Texas Sotol is one of the cold hardiest succulents plants that we have seen in our explorations. It can withstand temperatures as low as -30oF (-34oC) and still live to tell about it, which makes it a good candidate for many different types of gardens from cold climates to desert gardens.
The Texas Sotols are perennial succulents, which means that they will come back each year and can live for many years if cared for properly. It grows up to 12 feet in height with long leaves that are usually straight, but sometimes they curve downward at the end. These plants have a cold tolerance that makes them ideal for planting in cold climates.
The Texas Sotol looks very similar to the Agaves, but it does not have the spine on its leaves as they do. It also has blue flowers with six petals and is much colder tolerant than many other plants that are cold hardy.
The Texas Sotol is a great plant for cactus gardens or in rockery beds to provide accent color contrast against the rocks and plants around them. The second benefit of this type of succulents is that they are non-toxic which means you don’t have to worry about them as much if they are around small children.
Another great thing is that it’s not a plant that needs to be watered often and does well in sandier soils, which makes it easy for gardeners with sandy soil problems to enjoy these cold hardy succulents without any headache.
Upright Myrtle Spurge ‘Euphorbia rigida’
The cold hardy succulents that are most often available at garden centers and nurseries for cold winter climates of zone five or colder, are upright myrtle spurge plants. There are some other cold hardy succulents types too, but you’ll most likely find this one in your local nursery.
It has a very stout stem with a thick, waxy coating. The leaves are dark green and a little bit furry to the touch. They grow out of clusters at intervals along their stem
This succulent is cold hardy down to 15 degrees Fahrenheit (-12 Celsius). It thrives in most sunny exposures such as south or west-facing windowsills, but it will also do well in a shadier area. They need full sun to do their best in cold climates
It’s easy to propagate these cold hardy succulents from cuttings, so if you’re looking for more plants for your cold climate garden, it’s an affordable option.
Whale’s Tongue Agave ‘Agave ovatifolia’
The Whale’s Tongue Agave is a cold hardy succulent that likes to grow in full sun because it is also drought tolerant.
This plant features long, spiky leaves with white teeth along the edge of each leaf blade. The flowers are short spikes that bloom from February through March. These plants can withstand cold winters and hot summers.
Sempervivum ‘Spring Beauty’ is cold hardy succulents plant that can be grown all over the world. These plants are typically started as small rosettes in pots and they grow upwards, creating what looks like an umbrella shape. They are also known for their unique pattern of color, which is light green and white color or various shades of pink.
This plant typically blooms in the summertime but it can bloom at other times if they are given enough sunlight. The flowers that grow from these plants usually have five petals with yellow centers. They will produce more flowering stalks if they are pruned after blooming.
This plant thrives in cold weather and has been known to survive as low as -25 degrees Fahrenheit without any damage at all. They have also naturalized well throughout the landscape, which is why it can be found across most of North America.
The Lime Twister Sedum are cold hardy succulents and can survive winters in zones four through eight. The plant prefers full sun, but will do well with some shade if it’s protected from the coldest hours of the day. It does not require a lot of water to thrive, making it a great plant for gardens with little water.
These cold hardy succulents are great for beginner gardeners that are just getting started. It’s a low-maintenance plant as it doesn’t require much water and can be planted in small spaces. The red carpet sedum has stunning deep green leaves, with bright rose flowers on top of long stems from August to November. They’re cold hardy, so you can plant them in cold climates.
Rosularia Prometheum, a type of cold hardy succulent from Eastern Himalayas and Southern China, is an excellent choice for low-light situations.
Rosularia has thick stems that spread out on the ground to form clumps of rosettes with needlelike leaves. The flowers are borne at stem tips and are pink to purple.
Rosularia Prometheum is cold hardy and can handle temperatures down to 20oF, so this plant does not need protection from cold winters or hot summers. It also has a low water requirement as the soil should be kept moist during active growth periods, but drainage must be adequate for it in cold periods.
Rosularia Prometheum is an excellent choice for shade, rock gardens and cold climates or areas with low light levels.
It can be propagated by seed in cold temperatures, but it usually reproduces vegetatively by offsets that form at the base of the plant. The seeds should germinate when sown in cold soil, but they will not grow if temperatures get too hot.
These cold hardy succulents are a little bit of e+xtraterrestrial life, with its blue and pink hues. It’s found in the mountains of Europe, where it blooms after an unusually cold winter. It has small rosettes that can grow to be up to 12 inches, and it thrives in cold climates. The leaves are a light green color, with the tips of each leaf being pink or blue!
It’s one of the most popular cold hardy succulents because it blooms after an unusually cold winter. It likes to be outside during the summertime when its days get warm and sunny, but it can handle cold temperatures as low as -20 degrees Fahrenheit for short periods of time.
This type of cold hardy succulents is found in the wilds of West Africa. It has a small, round body that resembles that of an apple and produces masses of tiny pink flowers all year long! In cold climates, this plant will do well with little or no care at all because it can withstand cold temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (-45 Celsius)!
Also, this type of cold hardy succulents, also known as ‘Turquoise Tails’ Sedum, is one of the most cold-hardy plants on earth. It can withstand temperatures anywhere from -37°F to 160° Fahrenheit! That means it will be around for a long time in your garden even if you have sudden cold snaps.
In cold climates, these succulent plants are perfect for providing some color in your garden and also work great as a groundcover around other hardy perennials that would otherwise be killed by cold temperatures. They are very easy to grow, requiring only low-maintenance watering once per week or so when the soil is dry. These types of cold hardy succulents start producing a beautiful blue-green flower in late spring and will continue to grow until cold weather freezes the plant, usually around October.
Turquoise Tails’ Sedum is cold-hardy enough for planting outside wherever you live! If your home is located near an area that doesn’t get cold, this cold hardy succulent will still be able to grow outside and bring some color into your yard.
The ‘Fuldaglut’ Stonecrop Plant are cold hardy succulents that likes to be kept outside in the garden. This plant can grow up to two feet tall and will survive temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit, so if you live in cold climates, this is the plant for you.
Kamchatka Stonecrop ‘Sedum Kamtschaticum’
This particular cold hardy succulent is a cross between Sedum rubrotinctum and Sedum kamtschatica. It has small, tight foliage that can grow up to two feet tall in the right conditions – good drainage is key. The leaves are oval-shaped with smooth edges and a jagged point.
It likes full sun and can be grown in USDA zones three to nine. It’s considered a dry soil type plant, so make sure the pot is well-drained – mix one part sand with two parts loam for best results! These plants will turn green or pinkish when cold.
This plant is a little slower to grow, taking up to six weeks in the right conditions. It prefers cooler temps of 55 degrees Fahrenheit or below but can take some frost without damage if given enough water before it freezes. Be careful! If you overwater when cold, the roots will rot and die off.
White Stonecrop are some of our favorites to grow and sell. They look like little stone balls that have been left out in the cold. They grow well during the winter months and they have a beautiful white color that comes alive with frost.
We love these plants because of their durability, but also because of how easy it is to care for them outside year-round. If you live near an area where temperatures dip below 50 degrees, this cold hardy succulent is a great choice for your home or garden.
Sempervivum arachnoideum ‘Gold Nugget’ is a cold hardy succulent that has the ability to survive in cold regions with temperatures as low as -30°C (-22°F). It can be grown outside year round and produces tiny yellow flowers.
‘Grammens’ Sempervivum is cold hardy and can survive the winter cold in a garden or outdoor space. This cold hardy succulent has a beautiful contrasting pattern that looks great in any garden.
It can be planted on its own or with other cold hardy plants to create an attractive landscape for your yard.
The unique shape of the leaves and their color makes it an eye-catching plant.
Sempervivum Heuffelii ‘Fandango’
This succulent is great for those who have very cold winters. It can tolerate short periods of cold temperatures and thrives in cool, moist conditions. This plant has many different colors including red, pink, yellow, green, and white that make it a beautiful option to use as groundcover or add some extra color to your garden.
‘Fandango’ Sempervivum likes to be in a sunny area and does well when planted with other cold hardy succulents such as ‘Hens and Chicks’ or Sedums. This plant is perfect for those who live in cold climates but want some color!
Pacific Blue Ice succulents are native to Northern California and the San Francisco Bay area. They’re a low growing variety, usually no more than three inches tall or wide. But they can be grown in shaded areas as well!
‘Red Beauty’ Sempervivum is cold hardy and will thrive in a variety of climates.
The vernacular name for this succulent plant, “Sempervivum”, means always alive or living. This Latin phrase reflects the durability of these plants which have been known to survive even through cold spells where the temperature drops to as low as -30 degrees Fahrenheit.
The pink ice plant is cold hardy and can survive in cold climates for a few days. The flowers are produced from October to April, with the peak of flowering coming around December to February. It’s not unusual to find this tough little guy as far north as Alaska! These plants are often used in rock gardens, but they can be grown on a windowsill too.
Chinese Dunce Cap ‘Orostachys iwarenge’
Orostachys iwarenge, also known as the Chinese Dunce Cap, is cold hardy and can grow in USDA Zone four to eleven. This succulent has a rosette of green leaves that are arranged around its stem. The leaves are twisted and corrugated giving it an unusual appearance. Flowers can be pink, yellow, or white depending on the type of Dunce Cap plant.
Chinese Dunce Caps grow best in a shady location with well-drained soil that has plenty of organic materials such as compost mixed into the top layer at planting time.
Orostachys iwarenge is tolerant of cold temperatures so it can be planted in a cold climate like the Upper Midwest, Canada, and northern Europe without protection.
Cold hardy succulents that most people are familiar with is the Bronze Carpet. This plant spreads like a ground cover and has green, purple, or bronze leaves which resemble the frilly look of carpets.
It can be grown outdoors in gardens in zones three through eight, but it needs to have plenty of cold weather in order to thrive.
The plants can be propagated by separating offsets or dividing them.
This is the coldest hardy of the sedum species but does not tolerate heavy snow or wet soils. Plants stay compact (less than a foot tall) and grow best in light shade to full sun with protection from hot afternoon sun; for this reason, it is popular as an underplanting shrub. Tolerates cold down to -20 degrees F.
Powder Puff Cactus ‘Mammillaria bocasana’
Powder Puff Cactus “Mammillaria bocasana” are cold hardy succulents that can thrive in temperatures as low as 20 degrees F. The plant features thick blue-green leaves and small yellow flowers that bloom during the winter months from December to March. They an important cold hardy succulents because it can be grown in cold climates such as the Pacific Northwest, Northern and Eastern Europe.
Powder Puff Cactus “Mammillaria bocasana” is also a warm-season grower that prefers full sun exposure with moist soil conditions to thrive. The plant also needs well-drained soil or it will rot.
It can be propagated by cold stratification, cuttings, and seedlings. The plant flowers from December to March with small yellow blooms.
The Rosularia platyphylla is a low-growing rosette with green stems that have white and pink stripes. The flowers are small, grayish-green, and clustered in whorls at the stem tips. These cold hardy succulents prefer full sun to partial shade and soil media that ranges from sandy to clay.
One of the cold-hardiest and most popular cold hardy succulents is lace aloe, also known as Aloe aristata. Its native habitat ranges from South Africa to Natal in Zimbabwe which is cold and dry in the winter.
The plant is drought-resistant, which makes it perfect for low water gardens as well as high desert regions that receive less than five inches of rain per year. Lace aloes are also planted near walkways where they can be used to make a sweeping bed edging with their long leaves or around pools where their leaves can be submerged to make a cold hardy water garden.
Lace aloes grow in clumps and the plants are often seen flowering with horizontal spikes of yellow flowers that will bloom from September through December. They can reach up to three feet tall, so they need plenty of room for both growing and spreading out around other plants even though they are cold hardy.
Lace aloes need well-drained soil and will do better with some humidity so it’s best to plant them where there is the most sun exposure, such as southern exposures or in an area sheltered from cold winds. They require full sunlight for at least six hours per day when grown outdoors.