The blue agave tequilana plant, also called Tequila Agave, is a wonderful, versatile plant that can be used for many different purposes. For instance, agave nectar can be extracted from the agave to make a sweetener that people enjoy in their coffee or tea. The agave’s leaves are also useful as they contain fibers that can be made into rope.
Furthermore, the agaves’ sap is tapped and turned into an alcoholic beverage known as “tequila.” Agaves have been used by humans for centuries and it seems likely that they will continue to serve us well!
The agave plant is one of the most important plants in Mexico. It has many uses, including food and drink. The blue agave tequilana plant is an agave that produces a sweet liquid called aguamiel or honey water which can be fermented into an alcoholic beverage called mezcal or tequila. This article will explore how to grow agaves for drinking purposes.
- 1 Origin and description
- 2 Blue agave tequilana propagation
- 3 Blue agave tequilana care
- 3.1 Light requirements for tequila agave
- 3.2 Soil/potting mix
- 3.3 Watering Needs
- 3.4 Fertilizer Needs
- 3.5 Temperature Needs
- 3.6 Humidity Needs
- 3.7 Pruning the blue agave tequilana plant
- 3.8 When to repot tequila plant
- 3.9 Dormancy
- 3.10 Flowers & Fragrance
- 3.11 Growth rate
- 3.12 Toxicity
- 3.13 USDA Hardiness Zones
- 3.14 Pests and diseases
Origin and description
The blue agave tequilana plant is originally from Jalisco, Mexico and Guanajuato. This agave variety takes up to ten years to mature before harvesting, but only produces for about twenty. The blue agave tequilana plant is a succulent, so it can survive in dry climates. It takes up to nine months for the agave agria (bitter agave) to mature before harvesting, but only produces sap once every 12-14 years – that’s how long it takes for this agave variety to grow back!
The blue agave tequilana plant is used to create the alcoholic beverage called Tequila.
There are many benefits of drinking agave plants over other types, such as being high in minerals and vitamins A, B-12 & E. This agave variety is also great for diets with low cholesterol because this plant has no fat or cholesterol.
Blue agave tequilana plants grow between two and eight feet tall with leaves that can be up to three inches long. When the plant is about six years old, it will send out offshoots (pups) from its base. These new plants can be removed and replanted in the spring after they are at least one foot long. If you do not want to bother with this, it is fine to leave them on the mother plant until she begins dying back due to age (after about fifteen years).
Blue agave tequilana propagation
Blue agave tequilana plants are usually propagated by removing the suckers that form around their base. These shoots, which will become new plants, can be cut from the main plant with a sharp blade at any time during the year before they have developed any leaves or begun to grow themselves. Suckers that emerge directly beneath the center of the rosette can simply be pulled away.
Others will need a little more encouragement to detach from the parent plant and this is achieved by folding them down slowly until there is a small crack that allows you to pull it free without leaving any part of its base behind in the soil. These detached suckers can then be planted up individually into containers.
Blue agave tequilana care
This plant has very few requirements when it comes to growing conditions and can be kept easily in a container indoors if that is desired. It does not require much water which makes it great for people who do not have the time or energy to tend to thirsty plants on a regular basis.
In order to successfully grow the blue agave tequilana plant, you will need well-draining soil. The best soils are sandy and don’t retain too much moisture. In addition, the plant prefers acidic soil with pH levels between six and seven.
Light requirements for tequila agave
The blue agave tequilana is an evergreen plant that requires full sun to partial shade. This means that it can tolerate some direct light, but you should try to avoid placing it in the hot afternoon sunlight as this may produce leaves with bleached spots which are not attractive looking.
You should keep the plants in bright, indirect sunlight for at least six hours each day. If you want to move them outside during the summer months, make sure they are placed where there is plenty of sun and good air movement (so that it does not get too hot). It is best to keep them in a shaded area when temperatures are below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
The blue agave tequilana plant is cactus as it originates from South America. Therefore, you need to use a very well-draining potting mix that consists primarily of sand and perlite which should be mixed with some organic material such as peat or compost at a ratio of about 50/50 by volume.
A good mix to use is equal parts of potting soil, sand, perlite/vermiculite (if needed), and decomposed compost.
Make sure that your soil has a pH value between six and seven before planting an agave tequnilana plant
within it so that the roots have enough room to grow without being too acidic or alkaline for them to survive long-term.
The blue agave tequilana plant has high water needs. If you do not give it enough, its leaves can turn yellow and fall off. It is best to keep the soil moist at all times by placing trays of rocks under the pots so that they receive regular watering from below. You should also mist or lightly water the blue agave tequilana plant once or twice per week.
The blue agave tequilana plant needs regular fertilization. You should apply a slow-release fertilizer such as 14-14-14 NPK, one that is time-released and contains micronutrients on the soil every four to six weeks during spring and summer months. Do not over-fertilize or you risk burning the roots of your plant.
Use a fertilizer that is free of weed ingredients and has no additional chemical fertilizers because you risk burning the roots if it contains phosphate or potassium, both of which are found in most common garden fertilizers. Leaves will quickly turn yellow if your plant receives too much nitrogen from added fertilizer. You should only fertilize your blue agave tequilana plant once per month during the winter months.
The blue agave tequilana plant prefers warm, sunny conditions. It can grow in temperatures ranging from 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit; however, it cannot tolerate cold or frosty conditions. If you live in a temperate region and experience these weather patterns regularly, your best bet is to keep the blue agave tequilana plant indoors for the winter months.
If you live in an area where temperatures stay above 50 degrees Fahrenheit but below 70 degrees, your plant will do well outdoors during the summer and spring months, then moved indoors for the fall or winter seasons. If you reside in a hot climate zone, it is best to move your blue agave tequilana plant outside during the summer and fall months, then moved indoors for winter where temperatures stay below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
If you live in a tropical region or do not have any issues with high heat, your plant can be kept outdoors all year long.
Do not place your blue agave tequilana plant outside if temperatures are below 50 degrees Fahrenheit because they will not survive.
The blue agave tequilana plant prefers high humidity levels. It should be placed in a humid location indoors if you live in an area with low moisture content. If you have mold or mildew issues, place it on a tray of gravel and water so that the bottom half is covered by water to allow for higher humidity around your plant.
You should also mist your blue agave tequilana plant once or twice per week to provide extra humidity. Misting is not needed if you have high moisture content in the air naturally, but it is important for areas where there are low levels of humidity outside during winter months when heating systems are used inside the home.
If you do not have mold or mildew problems, then you can place your blue agave tequilana plant in a sunny area with good air circulation.
If the leaves of your blue agave tequilana are turning brown around their tips and edges, it is due to low humidity levels indoors. You should mist them once per week for two to three minutes with a spray bottle or place them on a wet pebble tray to increase humidity.
The ideal humidity range for the plant is 30 to 50%. It should never be allowed to dry out or become too moist, either indoors or outdoors.
Pruning the blue agave tequilana plant
The blue agave tequilana plant does not require any pruning. If the lower leaves naturally fall off, do not remove them from the stem or you risk damaging it and causing infection or disease to set in.
Do not prune your blue agave tequilana plant after August because this can cause the sap to flow rapidly. This will drop the plant over time and possibly result in death if left unattended for too long.
When to repot tequila plant
Repot your blue agave tequilana plant once every three to five years. This is normally done in early spring before the growing season begins. You should use a well-draining potting soil with peat moss or perlite that does not contain any additional fertilizers because this can cause root damage if it is used within the soil.
Repot your plant in the spring when it is actively growing and has already begun sprouting. Make sure to remove any dead or dying roots before placing them into their new container, then water regularly with a diluted liquid fertilizer after repotting until signs of growth begin to appear.
If you are moving a blue agave tequilana plant from a pot to the ground, do so in early spring or late summer. If you are moving it indoors for the winter months, then move it just before this time frame as well because their growth cycle slows down during colder weather patterns.
The blue agave tequilana plant naturally goes dormant in fall when the weather becomes cooler, between November and March. During this time, it will not grow new leaves or show any signs of life above ground until the weather warms up again in spring.
If you live in a cold climate zone, then wait to move your plant indoors for winter until after the first frost hits because this is when they will go dormant naturally.
If you live in a warmer climate, then move your blue agave tequilana plant indoors during winter months before colder temperatures arrive to keep them from going into dormancy too early. Maintain high humidity levels for at least three weeks after bringing it indoors so that it can adjust to the new environment.
Make sure that your blue agave tequilana plant is getting six hours or more of sunlight every day while it is indoors, even if you are using artificial light instead during winter months when natural sun exposure isn’t possible. If no direct sunlight reaches them at all for an extended period of time, they can lose their leaves and die.
Flowers & Fragrance
The blue agave tequilana plant produces a flower spike that turns bright yellow as it matures. The flowers are pollinated by bats and insects at night, then die back once the seeds have been dispersed to start new plants.
The blue agave tequilana plant reaches maturity after seven to ten years of growth, producing an average height of five feet tall.
If you are growing your plants in containers or smaller pots indoors year-round, then they will reach a mature size at around two years old instead.
The blue agave tequilana plant is toxic to pets and humans because it contains saponin, which can irritate the skin if ingested or cause an allergic reaction.
If you suspect that your dog has come into contact with the sap of this plant, then wash its coat thoroughly as well as take it to a veterinarian for further treatment at once.
If you or your child touches the sap of this plant, rinse your hands thoroughly with soap and water immediately to remove any traces before they can be ingested orally. If it gets in your eyes, then flush them with clean water for at least fifteen minutes as well until symptoms subside completely.
Do not ingest blue agave tequilana plant material orally or apply it to your skin without first going through a patch test with diluted sap on a small area of skin near the wrist. If no reaction appears within 24 hours, then you can continue testing by applying more diluted sap as needed.
USDA Hardiness Zones
The blue agave tequilana plant is hardy in USDA zones nine through 11.
Pests and diseases
The blue agave tequilana plant is typically disease-resistant but can be affected by root rot if it gets too much water or the roots are kept constantly wet for an extended period of time.
If you live in a humid climate with high rainfall amounts during certain parts of the year, then avoid planting your blue agave tequilana plant in direct contact with the soil to avoid root rot.
Root rot can also affect this plant if it is grown outdoors during winter months when rain and snow are more frequent because their growth cycle slows down during colder weather patterns, which makes them less able to absorb water through their roots normally.