What Are Succulents? 25 Cool Types To Grow

what are succulents

The question about what are succulents is always asked when talking with people outside the gardening circus. Succulents, or succulent plants, are plants that store water in their leaves, stems, and/or roots. Unlike most other plants, which only store water in their roots, succulents have special cells on their leaves, stems, and even roots that store water to use as it’s needed by the plant.

This unique ability to store water allows succulents to survive on much less water than most other types of plants and makes them ideal houseplants.

Succulents are plants that contain an unusually high amount of water in their stems, leaves, and roots, making them great at withstanding drought conditions and other extreme weather.

Though succulents are often confused with cacti, they’re two distinct types of plants altogether. That’s because succulents store water in their leaves and stems, while cacti store it in their trunks and roots.

However, succulents need proper care and maintenance in order to grow strong and healthy in your home, if you’re an avid gardener or a plant enthusiast who wants to learn more about succulents and the best way to care for them, this guide on what are succulents will help you learn how to care for them properly.

Planting succulents

To plant succulents, choose a pot with drainage holes and fill it with a well-draining cactus or succulent potting mix. Water your plants thoroughly, then wait for the soil to dry out completely before watering again. Place your pot in an area that receives bright, indirect light.

When it comes time to propagate your succulents, the best way to do so is by taking stem cuttings. You can take these from both fleshy and woody plants. Cut off the desired amount of stems using clean gardening shears or scissors, then place them into moist sand in a tray or plastic container until they root.

You may also want to try propagating via leaf cuttings by snipping off the leaves at their base with clean garden shears and placing them on top of moist soil inside a clear plastic bag until they root. Be sure to water the soil every few days. The most important thing when caring for succulents is proper water management.

If you overwater your plants, allow too much sun exposure, or give them insufficient amounts of light, you will cause stress which will make them more susceptible to pests and diseases. Conversely, if you don’t provide enough light or let the soil become too dry, this could lead to scorching during hot weather.

Make sure not to move your succulents around too often as this can cause harm due to how sensitive they are. It is best to water them once every week and give them 10 hours of sunlight each day.

How to take care of succulents

what are succulents

Watering is probably the most important part of taking care of your succulents. Make sure to water them deeply, but infrequently, and allow the soil to dry out completely between watering.

In addition, make sure your succulents are getting enough light – they need at least six hours of sunlight per day.

Lastly, don’t forget to fertilize your succulents every few months with a well-balanced fertilizer. If you want to propagate more plants, use leaf cuttings or just give one away!

Indoor succulent plants

If you’re looking for a low-maintenance houseplant, succulents are a great option. These plants are easy to care for and can thrive indoors with bright, indirect light.

When it comes to watering, succulents need very little—just be sure to let the soil dry out completely between waterings.

To propagate succulents, simply take a leaf or cutting from the plant and place it in well-draining soil.

With a little patience, you’ll soon see new growth! The amount of sun they receive, their temperature and humidity levels, and whether they’re potted or planted will all affect how quickly they grow.

How to care for succulents indoors

If you want to keep your succulents healthy indoors, there are a few things you need to do.

First, make sure they’re in a well-lit spot – they need at least six hours of sunlight a day. Second, water them when the soil is dry, usually, once a week is sufficient.

Third, fertilize them every month or so with a succulent-specific fertilizer. Fourth, be careful not to overwater them, too much water can kill them.

Finally, don’t repot them into large containers if they’re small; instead, only repot small ones into smaller containers.

What are succulents good for?

what are succulents

Succulents are a type of plant that is known for their ability to store water in its leaves, stems, or roots. They are native to dry, arid climates and can be found in many different parts of the world.

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While they are often used as ornamental plants, succulents can also be used for their medicinal properties.

Some succulents like Aloe Vera are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Others such as Cacti have natural insect repellent qualities.

What succulent is good for treatment?

Aloe vera is a succulent that is good for treating cuts and burns. The plant contains a gel that can be applied to the skin. Aloe vera can also be ingested, which can help with digestive issues. As always, consult your doctor before making any changes to your diet or taking any medication.

If you have pets, it is best not to have aloe vera plants in your home because they are poisonous when ingested by animals.

Cacti are another type of succulents that can be used as treatment if eaten whole; they will absorb toxic substances from the body and eliminate them in urine or stool.

Some cacti contain medicinal qualities such as anesthetic, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is important to note that there are many types of cactus so do some research on what type will work best for you.

Types of succulent plants

There are many different types of succulent plants, each with its own unique care needs. Some common types of succulents include cacti, aloe vera, sedum, and echeveria.

When caring for succulents, it is important to remember that they are drought-tolerant plants that need well-draining soil and plenty of sunlight. watering them too often can actually kill them!

25 types of succulents

Salicornia Europaea (Common Glasswort)

Salicornia Europaea (Common Glasswort)

Salicornia europaea, or common glasswort, is a succulent plant that grows in marshes, on beaches, and in other salty habitats. It gets its common name from the fact that it was once used to make glass.

The plant is native to Europe, but can now be found in many parts of the world. Salicornia europaea is a member of the family Amaranthaceae and is closely related to plants such as spinach and beets.

Hoya Kerrii (Sweetheart Hoya)

Hoya Kerrii (Sweetheart Hoya)

Hoya Kerrii, also known as the Sweetheart Hoya, is a beautiful succulent that is native to Southeast Asia. It is a climbing plant that can reach up to 10 feet in length, and its leaves are heart-shaped with red margins.

The Hoya Kerrii is an easy plant to care for, and it can be propagated by stem cuttings. They need high humidity levels (over 60%) so they should not be planted in containers or outside unless they have special humidity controls.

Agave Tequilana Weber Var. Azul (Agave Azul)

Agave Tequilana Weber Var. Azul

Agave tequilana weber var. azul, more commonly known as agave Azul, is a species of agave native to Mexico. It is most commonly used in the production of tequila, mezcal, and pulque. The plant has a rosette growth form and can reach up to 2 meters in height.

Agave azul is a slow-growing plant, taking around 10-12 years to reach maturity. Once mature, it will produce yellow flowers that turn into large green berries that eventually ripen into red fruits.

If left unharvested these fruits will fall off and allow for new plants to grow from their root system. These new plants will take about two years before they are able to flower and fruit again.

Beaucarnea Recurvat (Ponytail Palm)

Beaucarnea Recurvat (Ponytail Palm)

The Beaucarnea recurvat, or ponytail palm, is a unique-looking succulent that is native to Mexico. It gets its name from its long, thin leaves that resemble a ponytail.

It is a slow-growing plant but can reach up to 15 feet tall in its natural habitat. When grown indoors, it typically only reaches about 3-5 feet tall.

The Beaucarnea recurvat requires very little care other than being watered sparingly. The soil should be moist at all times, but the potting medium should not be soggy wet. To propagate this succulent you need to cut off an offset of the stem with a razor blade.

Sansevieria Trifasciata (Snake Plant)

Sansevieria Trifasciata (Snake Plant)

Sansevieria Trifasciata, or snake plant, is a succulent that is native to Africa. It is a hardy plant that can tolerate neglect and can even thrive in low-light conditions. When it comes to care, snake plants are pretty easygoing – they don’t need much water and can go weeks without being watered.

To propagate, snake plants can be divided at the root or leaf level. If you want to increase your collection of this plant, all you have to do is take a cutting from an older snake plant and pot it up. Place the new cuttings in well-draining soil with indirect sunlight until roots form.

Senecio Haworthii (Woolly Senecio)

Senecio Haworthii (Woolly Senecio)

Woolly Senecio, or Senecio haworthii, is a succulent that’s native to South Africa. It has long, thin leaves that are covered in white hairs, which give the plant a woolly appearance.

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The Woolly Senecio is a low-maintenance plant that’s easy to care for. It can be propagated by stem cuttings or by seed. To propagate from stem cuttings, put a length of stem (cut just below a node) into the water until it grows roots.

In order to propagate from seed, sow them on top of soil mix and keep moist but not wet until they germinate. They prefer warm temperatures with good air circulation and require full sun exposure when grown outdoors.

Schlumbergera x Buckleyi (Christmas Cactus)

what are succulents

Schlumbergera x buckleyi, or Christmas cactus, is a hybrid species of cactus that is native to Brazil. It is a popular houseplant because it is easy to care for and can bloom indoors. Christmas cactus can be propagated by stem cuttings or by seed.

To propagate by stem cutting, take a healthy cutting from the tips of the plant and allow it to callous over for a few days before planting in a well-draining potting mix. When propagating by seed, collect the ripe fruit and sow the seeds on top of a damp paper towel.

Cover with another moist paper towel and place in a sunny window. The seeds should germinate within 4 weeks if they are fresh enough.

Mammillaria Grahamii (Pincushion Cactus)

Mammillaria Grahamii (Pincushion Cactus)

Mammillaria Grahamii, or pincushion cactus, is a species of cactus that is native to Mexico. It is a slow-growing plant that can reach up to 12 inches in height. The pincushion cactus has many small, sharp spines that protect the plant from predators.

The flowers of the pincushion cactus are white or pink and bloom in the springtime. When they do, they produce seeds that grow into new plants. They are easy to propagate by cutting off an arm with at least three sets of healthy branches and placing it on top of moist soil.

They need bright light for at least twelve hours per day and water only when the soil is dry.

Tradescantia Sillamontana (White Velvet)

Tradescantia Sillamontana (White Velvet)

A beautiful succulent that is native to Mexico, the Tradescantia Sillamontana (White Velvet) is a perfect plant for those who are new to succulent care! They are easy to care for, requiring bright indirect light and well-draining soil.

When watering, be sure to allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings. These plants can be propagated by stem or leaf cuttings. To propagate from leaves, place two or three leaves in a pot of soil and keep it moist until they root.

For propagation from stems, place an inch of the stem in moist soil with just the tip showing above the surface of the soil.

Sedum Morganianum (Burro’s Tail)

Sedum Morganianum (Burro's Tail)

Sedum Morganianum, or Burro’s Tail, is a type of succulent that is native to Mexico. The plant gets its name from its long, tail-like stems that can grow up to 3 feet in length.

Burro’s Tail is a relatively easy plant to care for, and can be propagated by stem cuttings. To propagate, simply cut a stem from the plant and allow it to dry for a few days before planting in well-draining soil.

Once planted, water sparingly until the roots have established themselves. If you have any other types of succulents you would like to learn more about, come back next week!

Sempervivum Tectorum (Jove’s Beard)

what are succulents

Sempervivum tectorum, better known as Jove’s beard, is a succulent that is native to the mountains of central and southern Europe. It gets its common name from the Greek god Jupiter (Jove), who was said to have had a beard made of this plant.

Jove’s beard is a low-growing succulent that forms rosettes of thick, fleshy leaves. The leaves are green with red tips and can grow up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) long. In cultivation, they may also be pink or yellow.

In late summer it produces racemes of tiny bell-shaped white flowers on wiry stems, followed by small black berries in autumn.

Dudleya Pulverulenta (Chalk Liveforever)

Dudleya Pulverulenta (Chalk Liveforever)

Dudleya pulverulenta is a member of the Crassulaceae family and is native to California. It gets its common name, chalk liveforever, from the white powdery coating on its leaves that helps protect it from the sun. This succulent is drought-tolerant and can handle long periods without water.

When watering, make sure to allow the soil to dry out completely between watering. Dudleya pulverulenta can be propagated by leaf or stem cuttings.

Leaf cuttings should have at least one leaf attached to them. To root, submerge in room temperature water for 1-2 weeks. If no new roots have grown after 2 weeks, plant in potting mix and cover with a plastic bag for about 4 weeks until the cut end starts to swell.

Then remove the bag and expose the plant to light for 10 hours per day; keep moist but not wet for about 4 months before planting outdoors when temperatures are warmer than 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

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Kalanchoe Tomentosa (Panda Plant)

Kalanchoe Tomentosa (Panda Plant)

Kalanchoe tomentosa, or panda plant, is a succulent that is native to Madagascar. The panda plant gets its name from the furry, white spots on its leaves that resemble a panda bear. The panda plant is a relatively easy succulent to care for and can be propagated from stem cuttings.

When propagating from stem cuttings, make sure to allow the cuttings to callous over for a few days before planting in well-draining soil. Be sure to keep them out of direct sunlight as they need their leaves turned inward so that they can photosynthesize.

The best time of year to propagate this plant is during the winter months. Kalanchoe Pinnata (Air Plant): Kalanchoe pinnata, also known as an air plant, requires little attention when grown indoors as it derives all of its nutrients from the air around it.

Echeveria Black Prince (Black Prince Succulent)

Echeveria Black Prince (Black Prince Succulent)

The Black Prince succulent (Echeveria black prince) is a stunning, low-maintenance plant that’s perfect for beginners. These plants are native to Mexico and can tolerate a wide range of climates, making them easy to care for. When it comes to propagation, Black Prince succulents can be propagated from leaf or stem cuttings.

I’ve found that the easiest way to propagate these plants is by taking stem cuttings in the spring or summer. To take stem cuttings, I simply snip off pieces of stem with three or four leaves on each end. The best time to do this is when the stems have just begun to elongate, but before they start flowering.

After snipping off a piece of stem with two leaves on each end, place it into some moist potting soil and gently press down so that there’s an inch or two of space between the topsoil and the top of the leaves.

Madagascar Ocotillo (Alluaudia Procera)

Madagascar Ocotillo (Alluaudia Procera)

The Madagascar ocotillo is a fast-growing, drought-tolerant plant that can reach up to 20 feet in height. It has long, slender leaves that are green in color with red tips. The Madagascar ocotillo is native to the island of Madagascar and can be found in dry, rocky areas. It is a succulent plant, which means it stores water in its leaves and stems.

The Madagascar ocotillo can be propagated from stem cuttings or seedlings. Cuttings should be taken during the summer months and must have at least one node.

Cuttings should also be placed in full sun, well-drained soil mix (with sand added) watered once every 2 weeks while rooting occurs. Propagating by seedling will take longer than propagation by cutting because the process is dependent on the amount of time required for seeds to mature into healthy plants.

Euphorbia Tirucallii (Sticks on Fire)

Euphorbia Tirucallii (Sticks on Fire)

Euphorbia tirucallii, or sticks on fire, is a type of succulent that gets its name from its long, thin stems that are bright red. This plant is native to Africa and can grow up to 10 feet tall!

While it is drought tolerant, it does need some water to survive so make sure to give it a good drink every week or so. When propagating, be careful of the sap as it can be irritating to the skin.

You can cut off pieces of the plant at the base and place them in the soil until they start to root. The best time for propagation is during summer when there is plenty of light.

Pinguicula Moranensis (Butterwort)

Pinguicula Moranensis (Butterwort)

Pinguicula Moranensis, or butterwort, is a carnivorous plant that gets its common name from the butter-like secretion it produces. This beautiful plant is native to Mexico and can be found in a variety of colors, including white, pink, purple, and red.

Butterworts are relatively easy to care for and make great houseplants. When propagating butterworts, be sure to use fresh, sterile soil and water the plants well. The first step is to remove the two lower leaves on each side of the plant and place them at the base of another Pinguicula Moranensis (Butterwort) so they will form roots.

Once the roots have developed, carefully transplant both plants into new pots with potting soil mixed with gravel or perlite for better drainage. It’s important not to overwater this type of succulents because they need dryer conditions than other types of succulents do.

Oxalis Adenophylla (Silver Shamrock)

Oxalis Adenophylla (Silver Shamrock)

Oxalis adenophylla, commonly known as the silver shamrock, is a species of flowering plant in the wood-sorrel family Oxalidaceae. It is native to Brazil, but has been introduced to many other countries as an ornamental plant. The silver shamrock has trifoliate leaves with purple, pink, or white flowers.

It is a perennial herbaceous plant that typically grows to 15-30 cm (6-12 in) tall. Its leaves are spirally arranged, simple broad ovate to obovate in shape, and 25-60 mm long. The foliage is pubescent above and glabrous below with prominent veins on both surfaces.

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Peperomia Ferreyrae (Pincushion Peperomia)

Peperomia Ferreyrae (Pincushion Peperomia)

Peperomia ferreyrae is a beautiful, low-maintenance houseplant that’s perfect for beginners. It’s native to Peru, where it grows as an epiphyte in the wild. This plant is also known as the pincushion peperomia because of its shape.

The leaves are thick and fleshy, with a deep green color. They’re arranged in a rosette pattern on top of a short stem. Their growth rate varies depending on the type but they can grow up to six inches high and wide.

Peperomia ferreyrae thrives best when exposed to indirect sunlight or partial shade, though you should still provide them with plenty of light so they don’t get leggy or thin out at the center.

Portulacaria Afra (Variegated Elephant Bush)

Portulacaria Afra (Variegated Elephant Bush)

Portulacaria Afra is a beautiful, low-maintenance succulent that is perfect for beginners. It can tolerate a wide range of light conditions, from full sun to partial shade, and only needs to be watered once a week. To propagate, simply take a cutting from the stem or leaves and place it in well-draining soil.

Allow the cutting to callous over for at least three days before watering it again. If you are looking for something more advanced than Portulacaria Afra, check out Crassula Argentea (Jade Plant).

Haworthia Attenuata (Zebra Plant)

Haworthia Attenuata (Zebra Plant)

One of the most common questions I get asked is What are succulents? Succulents are a type of plant that stores water in their leaves, stems, or roots. This allows them to survive in arid or dry climates. Some common examples of succulents are cacti, aloe vera, and sedum.

One of the most common questions I get asked is What are succulents? Succulents are a type of plant that stores water in their leaves, stems, or roots.

This means they can survive in arid climates or periods of drought. Because of their ability to store water, succulents are often used as ornamental plants in gardens or as houseplants.

Echinocactus Grusonii (Barrel Cactus)

what are succulents

The Barrel Cactus is a slow-growing cactus that can reach up to 6 feet tall. It has a green body with yellow flowers that bloom in the spring. The Barrel Cactus is native to Mexico and does best in full sun. It is drought-tolerant and does not need much water.

To propagate, cut off a piece of the stem and allow it to dry for a few days before planting in well-draining soil. Keep an eye on it to make sure the cutting doesn’t rot. If you are lucky enough to find these at your local garden center, be prepared to pay about $25 for one!

Crassula Ovata (Jade plant)

Crassula Ovata (Jade plant)

Jade plants are a type of succulent that is native to Africa. They are easy to care for and make great houseplants. When propagating jade plants, you can use stem cuttings or leaf cuttings.

To take a stem cutting, cut a piece of the stem that is about 3-4 inches long. Allow the cutting to callous over for a few days before planting it in well-draining soil. Water the cutting when the soil is dry.

Senecio Peregrinus (String of Dolphins)

Senecio Peregrinus (String of Dolphins)

The string of dolphins is a type of succulent that is native to South Africa. It has long, thin leaves that are green with white stripes. The plant gets its name from its dolphin-shaped leaves. The string of dolphins is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to care for.

To propagate, simply take a cutting from the mother plant and place it in well-draining soil. Ensure that there is good air circulation around the cutting so it doesn’t rot.

If you want to create more plants, you can also divide your string of dolphins into clumps or sections. You can also leave some plants on their own as individual specimens or in small groupings.